GARBHINI PARICHARYA (ANTE-NATAL CARE) – VIEW OF HARITA SAMHITA (A TREATISE OF 10th CENTURY)
Shibani Dash1*, Kamini Dhiman2, Siba Prasad Rout3.
1*M.S. Scholar, Department of Stri Roga & Prasuti Tantra, All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi- India- 110076,
2Associate Professor, Department of Stri Roga & Prasuti Tantra, All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi-India-110076,
3M.D. Scholar, Department of Dravyaguna, I. P.G.T & R.A, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar.
Woman, being the precious creation of the world is the only source for new creation. To procreate a healthy progeny is one of the esteem desire of a woman. Pregnancy although being a physiological phenomenon, still it may be at risk to face any complication at any stage due to the altered anatomical and physiological functions of the body of a pregnant female. To assure a safe motherhood as well as a healthy progeny in her womb, special care of a pregnant woman is required which is elucidated as antenatal care. In Ayurvedic classics, antenatal care has been given prime importance and elaborated as garbhini paricharya (ante-natal care) by many acharyas. Basic objective of garbhini paricharya delineated in ayurveda is to achieve a healthy progeny of srestha (best) quality as well as to ensure a healthy mother or foetus during pregnancy, during labour and after labour. As per recent W.H.O report in 2000, it suggests that everyday approximately 830 die from preventable causes related to pregnancy and child birth. To reduce this rate, proper garbhiniparicharya (ante-natal care) is the need of the day. Acharya Harita (a classical memory of 10th century) has given enormous emphasis upon garbhini paricharya and has documented special dietary as well as behavioural regimen in context to growth and development of foetus. Yastimadhu (Glycchrhyza glabra Linn.) acts as galactogogue whereas Parusaka (Grewia asiatica Roxb.) supplements iron, calcium to women body which she needs at correspondent stage. Vivid analysis of this recommended diet pattern of Acharya Harita suggests that he has charted out this scheduled diet pattern in a chronological order i. e. liquid to solid diet in order to prevent any complication arise during pregnancy and to provide a milieu interior to the body of mother as well as baby for better adapting power with the changing physiological phenomenon. Findings of this review article may validate the scientific validation of views of Harita Samhita recommended diet and habit for pregnancy.