Qualitative Analysis of Phenols, Flavonoids and Anthocyanidins of Curcuma neilgherrensis Wt. A Medicinal Plant from Seshachalam Hills
Curcuma neilgherrensis is known as “Adavi Pasupu” an important herbal medicinal plant of Tirumala and Talakona area. It is rhizomatous herb found during June-November with vegetative growth of scape and leaves; during November-March with inflorescence and flowers. It is distributed with limited number of individuals at about 3000 meters of altitude on rocky substratum. It is also used by the local people as spice instead of normal Curcuma powder (Haldi) in the preparation of curries. Hence the phytochemical screening, antimicrobial activities (Human pathogenic bacteria and fungi) were carried out to prove scientifically its herbal usages. Further it is also important to characterize different bioactive constituents like phenols, flavonoids and anthocyanidins in leaf, scape, rhizome and roots. The Qualitative analysis through paper chromatography resulted 27 phenolic compounds, 7 flavonoids and 9 anthocyanidin compounds. It supports the bioactivity of each component to that of the herbal uses of Curcuma neilgherrensis against inflammations, skin diseases, wounds, ulcers, arthritis, and menstrual disorders as used by the local herbalists.